C. L. James

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Works, Responses and Comments on C. L. James

Books and Pamphlets


  • The School Question. Boston Investigator, (Boston, MA) Wednesday, June 15, 1870; pg. 53; Issue 7; col B
  • C. L. James, “A Defence of Intuitionalism,” The Index 2, no. 19 (May 13, 1871): 151.
  • Orthodox Logic. Boston Investigator, (Boston, MA) Wednesday, August 02, 1871; pg. 5; Issue 14; col A
  • The Argument from Design. Boston Investigator, (Boston, MA) Wednesday, November 15, 1871; pg. 5; Issue 29; col A
  • Free Love and Marriage. Boston Investigator, (Boston, MA) Wednesday, November 29, 1871; pg. 5; Issue 31; col A
    • Boston Investigator, (Boston, MA) Wednesday, December 06, 1871; pg. 5; Issue 32; col A
    • Boston Investigator, (Boston, MA) Wednesday, January 03, 1872; pg. 5; Issue 36; col A
    • Boston Investigator, (Boston, MA) Wednesday, January 10, 1872; Issue 37; col A
  • Free Love, Again. Boston Investigator, (Boston, MA) Wednesday, January 24, 1872; pg. 4; Issue 39; col D
  • The Law of Marriage. Boston Investigator, (Boston, MA) Wednesday, February 14, 1872; pg. 6; Issue 42; col A
  • Orthodox Science. Boston Investigator, (Boston, MA) Wednesday, March 13, 1872; pg. 5; Issue 46; col A
  • Force. Boston Investigator, (Boston, MA) Wednesday, September 04, 1872; pg. 5; Issue 19; col A
  • Christian Stories about Infidels. Boston Investigator, (Boston, MA) Wednesday, October 23, 1872; pg. 4; Issue 26; col B
  • The Exploit of a Russian Diplomatist
  • Minor Gossip. Inter Ocean, (Chicago, IL) Friday, July 03, 1874; pg. 8; Issue 101; col A
  • M’Cosh Vs. Huxley. Inter Ocean, (Chicago, IL) Tuesday, October 17, 1876; pg. 3; Issue 177; col B
  • Though I do not claim to be an eminent lawyer.... Inter Ocean, (Chicago, IL) Wednesday, April 18, 1877; pg. 4; Issue 21; col D
  • C. L. James, "Christian Love," The Truth Seeker 5 no. 20 (May 18, 1878): 310-311.
  • C. L. James, "The Relations of the Sexes," The Truth Seeker 5 no. 22 (June 1, 1878): 342-343.
  • A Timely Discussion. Inter Ocean, (Chicago, IL) Tuesday, August 05, 1879; pg. 5; Issue 107; col C
  • Divorce Laws. St. Louis Globe-Democrat, (St. Louis, MO) Thursday, August 07, 1879; pg. 3; Issue 78; col C
  • The Liberal League. Milwaukee Daily Sentinel, (Milwaukee, WI) Monday, September 22, 1879; pg. 2; Issue 226; col D
  • The Order of Progress. Liberty, #72
  • C. L. James, “C. L. James to A. J. S,” Lucifer the Light-bearer (New Series) 4, no. 5 (April 30, 1886).
    • The Daily Inter Ocean, (Chicago, IL) Sunday, July 25, 1886; pg. 3; Issue 123; col A
    • The Milwaukee Sentinel, (Milwaukee, WI) Sunday, August 15, 1886; pg. 12; Issue 42; col A
    • Why He is an Anarchist. The Milwaukee Sentinel, (Milwaukee, WI) Wednesday, September 08, 1886; pg. 4; col C
    • The Milwaukee Sentinel, (Milwaukee, WI) Wednesday, October 06, 1886; pg. 8; col A
    • The Reds' Hopes. The Milwaukee Sentinel, (Milwaukee, WI) Saturday, October 16, 1886; pg. 7; col B
    • The Anarchic Remedy. The Milwaukee Sentinel, (Milwaukee, WI) Sunday, December 26, 1886; pg. 4; Issue 9; col B
    • The Milwaukee Sentinel, (Milwaukee, WI) Friday, March 25, 1887; pg. 4; col A
    • The Milwaukee Sentinel, (Milwaukee, WI) Sunday, October 30, 1887; pg. 12; Issue 53; col A
  • Anarchy is Defined. The Daily Inter Ocean, (Chicago, IL) Thursday, November 02, 1893; Issue 221; col C
  • Anarchy Defined and Defended. The Daily Inter Ocean, (Chicago, IL) Friday, November 03, 1893; pg. 6; Issue 222; col C
  • C. L. James, Anarchist. The Daily Inter Ocean, (Chicago, IL) Thursday, November 09, 1893; pg. 4; Issue 228; col B
  • Opposed to Annexation of Hawaii. The Milwaukee Sentinel, (Milwaukee, WI) Wednesday, December 15, 1897; pg. 7; col B
  • C. L. James, “The Subliminal Self,” Popular Science News 32, no. 12 (December 1898): 280.

Obituary from "Mother Earth"


By James F. Morton, Jr.

The death of C. L. James, at the age of 65 years, removes from the ranks of Anarchism and from radical propaganda in general one of the most striking figures known to the American movement. His ripe scholarship and the immense range of his studies rendered him a powerful protagonist in public discussion; and few who met him in the field of debate have come away unscarred. He was, with good cause, held to be the most profound scholar among American Anarchists; and his name often did yeoman service in confuting the incautious slanderer of the Anarchist movement, who upbraided it as appealing only to the fanatical and ignorant.

Not many biographical details are at hand, as the life of Comrade James was, at least during the years in which he was best known to American radicals, somewhat that of a recluse. For many years he resided at Eau Claire, Wis., where he seems to have led the quiet life of a scholar, dividing his time between active propaganda with the pen and laborious research and literary activity of a constructive nature. Rarely did he leave his home, to mingle personally with the outside world; and therefore few radicals have known him otherwise than through correspondence. He was born, according to information which has been supplied, in Baden-Baden, Germany, October 23, 1846, and died in Eau Claire, Wis., June 3, 1911. His father, I believe, was G. P. R. James, the famous English novelist of an earlier day. When he came first to this country, or when and how he became interested in radical opinions and a convert to the Anarchist school of philosophy, I am not informed. I trust that the facts regarding his early years may be brought out by application to his surviving relatives. From a rough list of his principal writings, it appears that his earliest published works were a volume of poems and a book on Transcendental Philosophy, both which appeared in 1871. In 1886, he appears as a defender of the Anarchistic position, in a pamphlet entitled "Anarchy." . From that time on, he is seen in the radical ranks, almost invariably occupying a post in the extreme advance. Among the books and pamphlets issued by him are noted "Law of Marriage," "Degeneracy," "Origin of Religious Systems," "An Appeal to Women," "British Conquest of America," "Origin of Anarchism," and "History of the French Revolution." Works yet to appear in book form are "Vindication of Anarchism," published serially in Free Society a few years since, and "Economy as Viewed by an Anarchist," now appearing in Mother Earth. With regard to the entire body of his work, he made the following statement, shortly before his death: "All may be considered extracts from the (MS.) 'History of the World,' which is the work of my life." It may be hoped that much valuable manuscripts in relation to his great life-purpose may be secured, and may prove available for posthumous publication.

The bare list of published books and pamphlets tells, in fact, very little of the tremendous output of his ever-active mind. By far the larger portion of his writings may be found in the form of articles and letters, in the files of the more radical periodicals of the past thirty years. Propaganda along general lines could not suffice for his versatile genius. His instinct was to probe every phase of the subject; and nothing escaped his notice. Having a born impulse toward debate, he never refused or overlooked a challenge, direct or implied. No opponent was too insignificant to receive recognition; nor did he fear to confront the most imposing antagonist, even in the field of his foe's strongest specialty. To him, all things, great and small, were closely interrelated; and loose thinking or inaccurate apprehension of fact, even in distinctly minor matters, were held by him to demand emphatic reprobation, as leading to graver and more far-reaching errors. Few will be found to accept all his conclusions; but still fewer will refuse their admiration to his powerful and many-sided mind. Even where his views may have proved in a measure unsound, he contributed immeasurably to the clarification and development of radical thought and of sound methods of thinking among radicals. His insistence on the intellectual side of Anarchism has borne good fruit. In opinions, he was, as practically every reader of Mother Earth is already aware, an uncompromising Anarchist. He never minced words or phrases; nor did he ever seek to disguise his most extreme convictions for respectability's sweet sake. The only department in which his views approximated those current in conservative circles was that of medical science. He held all forms of what he termed "quackery" in utter contempt, and had as a consequence many a sharp tilt with other radical writers, from which even those who differ from him will not claim that he always came out second best. A strict disciple of science, he was sternly impatient of the encroachment of emotionalism or sentiment on the domain of thought and experience. As against a large proportion of radicals, he strenuously defended both vaccination and vivisection, and upheld orthodox Malthusianism (scorning to take refuge behind the bulwark of "Neo-Malthusianism") against all comers. If at times his manner appeared somewhat overbearing, and if he seemed harshly intolerant in little things, these weaknesses may readily be pardoned in one whose whole life was a tireless struggle against the monster of ignorance, and in behalf of the principles of liberty and enlightenment. On the larger issues, he never wavered; and when defenders were needed, he was never found wanting. His death leaves a gap which will not soon be filled; and his memory will not fade.