Création de l'ordre dans l'humanité/308

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II.--From the point of view of organization, the laws of Political Economy are the laws of history (1).

468. Since we have to constater by the facts the certainty of the economic science, it is from the point of view of labor, that is: 1) of product, of value, of the formation of capital, of credit, of exchange, of money, etc.;--2) of the speciality and synthesis of labor, of the coordination of functions, of the solidarity and responsibility of the laborer;--3) of the distribution of the instruments of labor and of the repartition of products, according to merit and justice, that we have to study history. The first part of that task has been remplir by an economist of the first order, M. Blanqui, author of a History of Political Economy in Europe, from the Ancients to the Present. In that excellent work, one sees how, by its industrial transformations (383), labor acts on the economy of societies, liberates the proletariat, gives and retire wealth to the nations, amene little by little the alliance of peoples and the equality of conditions, assied public order and morals on an indestructible base. From similar volumes, of which I cannot allow myself to speak, we devoilent the laws of history a thousand times better than all the writings of Bossuet, Vico, Montesquieu and the crowd of philosophers. 469. But after having observed the influence of labor on society with regard to the production and circulation of wealth, il convient to follow its organic manifestations in the revolutionary movements and the forms of government. It is necessary to see if, from this new point of view, the facts dementent or confirm the conclusions of the theory; if the --- (1) Finally the author begins to make himself understood. History is for him the same thing as Political Economy, considered from a certain point of view. Thus history is science. It was not la peine de depenser so much esprit to sustain a paradox. (Editor's note.)