Preventing Wires from Sinking in End-Bars

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Steven T. Byington

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Preventing Wires from Sinking into End-bars

A year ago some one recommended that in nailing a frame one of the nails thru the upper end of the end-bar into the top-bar and also the one thru the bottom-bar up into the end-bar be not driven quite home at first, but that the ends of the wire when wiring be fastened by winding round these nails and then the nails driven home. I suppose the idea was to save the time taken in picking up and driving two three-ounce tacks; but I have discovered in trying the plan that some time is lost in extra " fiddling " of the wires; besides, the wires are not likely to be as tight as they should be. I took two frames and wired one exactly in accordance with these directions, the other the same except that the ends of the wires were fastened to three-ounce tacks driven at the sides of the holes, so that the wire from the holes to the tacks ran at right angles to the grain instead of with the grain. Then I tried the "tune" of the wires and found that they were tighter on the frame where they were fastened to the nails, as was shown by the higher pitch of the middle wires on that frame, but that, nevertheless, the top and bottom wires, which felt the influence of the way of fastening, were a trifle slacker on that frame than on the one with the tacks.

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The difficulty in getting the wires tight is that, when they run out of the holes lengthwise in a direction lengthwise of the grain, they sink into the wood. "Fiddling" the wires is done to overcome this sinking into the wood rather than to straighten the wires across the frame. I have tried to devise a way to obviate this difficulty; and the best plan I have found is to take oneounce tacks, lay a tack on the edge of each hole across where the wire is to run, and imbed each tack in the wood with one tap of the hammer. This saves enough time in fiddling the wires, perhaps, to pay for the time spent in fixing the tacks, and makes it possible to get the wires tighter than is possible in the ordinary way. On the other hand, it slightly increases the risk of broken wires, but does not make that risk serious when one knows how to do the work. The illustration shows an end-bar with threeounce tacks opposite the top and bottom holes, in the right place for fastening the ends of the wire, and one-ounce tacks imbedded ready to have the wire run over them, assuming the wire to be all one piece; but the one-ounce tacks at the upper and lower holes are hardly needed, since there the wire runs across the grain of the wood.

Stephen T. Byington. Ballard Vale, Mass.


  • Steven T. Byington, “Preventing Wires from Sinking into End-bars,” Gleanings in Bee Culture 45, no. 1 (January 1917): 62-63.