The Advance Of Slavelization
THE tragedy of the Landing of Cortez is in our histories, but long before that age the cycle of æons had brought him once before to the shores of America. He was a pioneer of civilization; his heart was filled with bitterness against the primitive Aztecs, and he had been reading socialistic books.
From them he had learned that machinery would reduce people to practical slavery. Therefore he said: "Why should we shed our blood in subduing these savages?" so he brought over a ship filled with machinery instead of arms.
Cunningly he induced the natives to use his machines. Anxiously he watched for sweat-shops, and fifteen hours of toil; the pig-headed Aztecs made goods with his machinery, so that they cost not a tenth of the labor they used to cost, and, during the time which was saved, they amused themselves, or got from the land what they needed. Nobody worked fifteen hours or started a sweat-shop.
Cortez was cast down, but he persisted; he read Karol de Right, and learned that the bless-ings of the people came from machines and tools and increased production. So he bought from the Inca, and took from the people all the machines they had: spades, horse-plows, steam-plows, even hammers, and pile-drivers. " Now," said he, "I have reduced these people to slavery." But the illogical Aztecs set to work again, and made as many more machines out of wood and of metal which they found in the earth.
Cortez was disappointed, but his iron will was unbroken. He read Professor Far West till he believed that vast accumulations of money were the real curse of every country. Therefore he . sent his ships back to Spain for goods. He sold them, and set his men to make more things to sell, till he. had nearly all the country's coin in his own hand. But the stupid Aztecs used his goods, and then issued their notes and receipts- for goods, and used the notes as money.
Seeing this, Cortez read Heinrich Georgius' works, and gave his money, his ships,—everything, for title to the land of the country. Then he compelled his tenants to upset the reigning dy-nasty, and as conqueror, seized the crown land, and rented it out. There was division of labor, abundant production, plenty of money, and a small class of land owners. Then at last ap-peared want and misery.
The common Aztecs said that they could find no work; that they could get no food, and that the money belonged to some one else. Every one had to seek an employer who owned some land on which he could work, and each one offered to work cheaper than others. Cortez said: "My purpose is accomplished. Now has the Aztec realized the blessings of civilization, and of the over-lord."