The Perpetuity of the Union
Peter I. Blacker, The Perpetuity of the Union, The Boston Investigator, 26, 9 (June 25, 1856), 2.
Mr. Editor:—Every aggregation or combination contains within itself the principle of dissolution or disintegration. The institution of black or chattel slavery has become so great and important in the Southern States, that all other interests of the people in the free States and Territories must be made secondary and five way to the demands of this great interest of the 350,000 slave owners, who require more lands and a market for their slaves, for one of the main features and resources of slave property is the breeding and selling of them, as it is of working cattle everywhere. We are now in the midst of a severe struggle for the ascendancy of this institution on one hand, and the interests of all who wish to have some choice as to whom they will labor for and some voice in fixing the terms. All who wish to have the land accessible to the white race of small means, who wish to till the soil and own their farms, these are all banished from the land as slavery is established.
In this conflict, the South is, it seems to me, struggling to establish an empire on the basis of black slavery, by the policy of annexation and the subjugation of the people of the free States through the power of the Federal Government.
If this is so, it then becomes a question whether the confederation has not fulfilled its mission is now merely the instrument of power with which the South can extend their peculiar institution and silence and subjugate the people of the free States? Disintegration, it seems to me, must inevitably follow from this course, and the law of progress which is at work undermining and dissolving all the institutions of the world will be found to be working rapidly and effectually in dissolving the confederation.
But what shall be the consequence of this disintegration? the reader will ask.In aswer, it will remove the cause of discord and antagonism, and the slave States will then have to stand on their own responsibility. In all cases where discord and anatagonistic interests exist between nations, States, or individuals, the remedy is always found in disintegration and separation of those interests which cause the trouble.
Yours, &c., P. I. B.
Boston, June 18, 1856.
- Peter I. Blacker, “The Perpetuity of the Union,” The Boston Investigator 26, no. 9 (June 25, 1856): 2.